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Title: Теоретико-методологічне обгрунтування розробки порівняльного історико-правового методу
Other Titles: Теоретико-методологическое обоснование разработки сравнительного историко-правового метода
Theoretical and methodological basis of the comparative historical and legal method development
Authors: Шигаль, Д.А.
Keywords: порівняльний історико-правовий метод
ефективність методу
історичне, правове, гносеологічне значення
історико-правове пізнання
сравнительный историко-правовой метод
эффективность метода
историческое, правовое, гносеологическое значение
историко-правовое познание
comparative historical and legal method
effectiveness of the method
historical, legal, epistemological significance
historical and legal knowledge
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Національний юридичний університет імені Ярослава Мудрого
Citation: Шигаль Д. А. Теоретико-методологічне обгрунтування розробки порівняльного історико-правового методу / Д. А. Шигаль // Проблеми законності : зб. наук. пр. – Харків, 2015. – Вип. 129. – С. 19-28.
Abstract: У статті розглядаються основні зауваження і заперечення, що виникають у науковому середовищі з приводу розробки історико-правового компаративного методу. Досліджуються теоретико-методологічні засади виокремлення цього засобу спеціально-наукового пізнання. Аналізуються ефективність та гносеологічне значення порівняльного історико-правового методу. Робляться висновки про місце порівняльного історико-правового методу у спеціально-науковій методології.
В статье рассматриваются основные замечания и возражения, возникающие в научной среде по поводу разработки историко-правового компаративного метода. Исследуются теоретико-методологические основы выделения этого средства специально-научного познания. Анализируются эффективность и гносеологическое значение сравнительного историко-правового метода. Делаются выводы о месте сравнительного историко-правового метода в специально-научной методологии.
Description: Problem setting. Development of any scientific method is always both a question of its structural and functional characteristics and place in the system of scientific methods, and a comment as for practicability of such methodological work. This paper attempts to give a detailed response to the major comments and objections arising in respect of the separation as an independent means of special and scientific knowledge of comparative historical and legal method. Recent research and publications analysis. Analyzing research and publications within the theme of the scientific article, it should be noted that attention to methodological issues of both general and legal science at the time was paid by such prominent foreign and domestic scholars as I. D. Andreev, Yu. Ya. Baskin, O. L. Bygych, M. A. Damirli, V. V. Ivanov, I. D. Koval’chenko, V. F. Kolomyitsev, D. V. Lukyanov, L. A. Luts, J. Maida, B. G. Mogilnytsky, N. M. Onishchenko, N. M. Parkhomenko, O. V. Petryshyn, S. P. Pogrebnyak, V. I. Synaisky, V. M. Syryh, O. F. Skakun, A. O. Tille, D. I. Feldman and others. It should be noted that, despite a large number of scientific papers in this field, the interest of research partnership in the methodology of history of state and law science still unfairly remains very low. Paper objective. The purpose of this scientific paper is theoretical and methodological rationale for the need of separation and development of comparative historical and legal method in the form of answers to more common questions and objections that arise in scientific partnership in this regard. Paper main body. Development of comparative historical and legal means of knowledge is quite justified because it meets the requirements of the scientific method efficiency, which criteria are the speed for achieving this goal, ease of use of one or another way of scientific knowledge, universality of research methods, convenience of techniques that are used and so on. Combining the three research approaches – comparative, historical and legal, comparative historical and legal method is more effective than two separate methods - comparative and historical, and comparative and legal. Epistemological potential of comparative historical and legal method is quite great, and is to ensure the integrity and continuity of the historical and legal knowledge that is carried out in comparative way. Application of this method allows you without breaking the research itself into separate semantic blocks to start and continue it both from the analysis of the “historical” and learning of the “legal”. Conclusions. Value of the comparative historical and legal method in the methodology of historical and legal science will be very significant. This can be explained by the fact that this means of knowledge allows to go beyond the known and look from a different angle on already known facts and regularities of the state and legal development. In fact, a comparison in the field of the history of state and law is one of the few methodological tools capable to do away with the stereotype which has been formed in the historical and legal science recently. In addition, comparative historical and legal method can serve as the epicenter of all the research methodology, but the comparative analysis can be the main problem of scientific work with the production of relevant tasks. Comparative historical and legal method as a basis of a study directly causes its scientific novelty, because in the course of comparison of historical and legal objects those of their characteristics and features that were previously unknown are revealed, and new laws are opened.
Appears in Collections:Наукові статті кафедри історії держави і права України та зарубіжних країн

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