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Title: Правовий зміст поняття «турист»
Other Titles: Правовое соде ржание понятия «турист»
The legal content of the concept «tourist»
Authors: Семенова, М.В.
Keywords: турист
споживач туристичних послуг
потребитель туристических услуг
consumer travel services
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Семенова М. В. Правовий зміст поняття «турист» / М. В. Семенова // Право та інновації. – 2014. – № 4. – С. 207–214.
Abstract: Статтю присвячено дослідженню питань, що виникають у сфері регулювання діяльності суб’єктів господарської діяльності, що надають туристичні послуги, пов’язані з відсутністю належної чіткості в термінології, яка застосовується в різних нормативно-правових актах. Звернуто увагу на визначення такого базового поняття, як «турист».
Статья посвящена исследованию вопросов, возникающих в сфере регулирования деятельности субъектов хозяйственной деятельности, которые предоставляют туристические услуги, связанные с отсутствием должной четкости в терминологии, применяемой в различных нормативно-правовых актах. Обращено внимание на определение такого базового понятия, как «турист».
Description: Problem setting. The analysis of normative legal acts that regulate the activities of entities engaged in the provision of tourist services, shows that in Ukraine the key term «tourist» does not have a single interpretation, and the concept of «excursionist» is not enshrined in law, which leads to the lack of proper legal regulation of activities of subjects of tourist services involved in their provision, in connection with the legal uncertainty of the consumers of these services. Analysis of recent researches and publications. Problems and features of tourism development are reflected in the legal and economic research of domestic and foreign scientists as Y. V. Volvach, A. P. Anisimov, S. V. Zlobin, A. Y. Ryzhenkov, Y. A. Dubenyuk, O. Y. Guslyakova and others. Insufficiently studied are questions that arise in the regulation of business entities that provide tourism services. Target of research. The article aims to study and a clear definition of «tourist», «excursionist», and other related entities in the legislation governing tourism that will help build a clear tool for economic and legal regulation of tourism activities. Article’s main body. The term «visitor» in international legal sources includes two categories: 1) visitor who is a consumer of travel services provided by tourist firms, that may be a tourist or sightseer; 2) visitor who exercise their right to freedom of movement and / or the use of natural resources within the territory of current attendance laws, and does not receive travel services. The national legislator partially accepted provisions of international instruments on the institutions of tourist relations, adding some features to the Law of Ukraine «On Tourism». Conclusions and prospects for the development. As a conclusion it is possible to note the following conceptual characteristics of subjects of tourist relations, satisfying personal needs, rights, receive or consume tourist goods or services. The visitor, a concept which covers all the subjects, is the person who is involved in tourism, including may consume tourism services, exercise it іs right to freedom of movement to satisfy personal needs with not prohibited by the laws of the host country in order and without the implementation of paid, commercial activity within the place visited. The tourist must consider visitors, duration of stay at the site or country visits ranges from 24 hours to one year in a row. Tourist can engage in emergent tourism, and may consume tourism services.
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